Why are we talking about names some of you may be surprised by the content of this lecture. Even if we assume that the referent of a name like aristotle is fixed by means of a definite description, we cannot assume that aristotle must have the features given by that description. A prioricity and qualitatively identical situations. Naming and necessity, lecture ii kripkes critique of the description and kripkes own theory of names general theses of the description theory.
Maybe then i can see what evans expects us to see from that example. I dont think its the last word on the topics it deals with far from it. For he takes the sense of a designator to be its meaning. Learning the nomenclature of organic compounds has many of the ele ments of learning a language, be it latin or fortran.
Naming and necessity, lecture ii kripkes critique of the. A posteriori necessities and the illusion of contingency kripke ends lecture ii, and starts lecture iii, by discussing certain sorts of identity sentences as examples of the necessary a posteriori. Saul kripke begins the second lecture by reiterating the various theses of the fregerussell perspective and related cluster concept of naming. Lectures given to the princeton university philosophy colloquium. It is enough to note that the view he criticizes under. Saul kripke, naming and necessity, lecture ii canvas. Aristotle might not have taught alexander the great. In lecture 3 of nn, kripke offered an ingenious defense of the conceivability argument. The preface of 21 pages describes the genesis and background of the leading ideas of the monograph, and discusses a few common misunderstandings. The transcript was brought out originally in 1972 in semantics of natural language, edited by donald davidson and gilbert harman.
May 18, 2011 the standard line about why naming and necessity was so important is that kripkes amazing idea that proper names are rigid designators i. Find a summary of this and each chapter of naming and necessity. The third lecture is sadly poorly written and argued someone else already commented on it in this stream below, i agree with that reader. The unfinished semantic agenda of naming and necessity, by scott soames. To every name or designating expression x, there corresponds a cluster of properties, namely the family of those properties. So, according to frege, there is some sort of looseness or weakness in our language. It is enough to note that the view he criticizes under this heading has been widely held. The ideas in naming and necessity evolved in the early sixties most of the views were formulated in about 196364. In this lecture, professor saul kripke takes the opportunity to revisit some of the more controversial points in his seminal work naming and necessity. Naming and necessity, lecture i professor jeeloo liu saul kripke. Furthermore, because of the use of tools involving reference and. After a short initial overview in chapter 1, perhaps more easily appreciated by more experienced readers, noonan turns in chapter 2 to. A sense is supposed to be that which is grasped by the mind, a meaning in some nontechnical sense. From kripkes naming and necessity michigan state university.
Free download naming and necessity pdf, if there is such a thing as essential reading in metaphysics or in philosophy of language, this is it. Saul kripkes naming and necessity consists of revised transcriptions of three lectures given at princeton university in 1970. Those ways of reading it are interesting, but i think that what kripke is saying is, in the end, quite simple, which is why the book has enjoyed such lasting popularity. Whether youve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.
Naming and necessity lecture 2 summary course hero. Kripkes critique of the description theory of names recap from his lecture i. It redirected philosophical attention to neglected questions of natural and metaphysical necessity and to the connections between these and theories of naming, and of identity. Kripke lecture 3 if w is a world where aristotle never went into philosophy, d is true, e is false and f is true. Naming and necessity from a functional point of view. Naming and necessity a conflation in freges notion of sense frege should be criticized for using the term sense in two senses.
If there is such a thing as essential reading in metaphysics or in philosophy of language, this is it. Scholars have recently established that the iliad and the odyssey were not, after all, written by homer. Naming and necessity is a 1980 book with the transcript of three lectures, given by the philosopher saul kripke, at princeton university in 1970, in which he dealt with the debates of proper names in the philosophy of language. January 20, 19701 i hope that some people see some connection between the two topics in the title. Reference and existence, saul kripkes john locke lectures for 1973, can be read as a sequel to his classic naming and necessity. Naming and necessity was mentioned as one of the eminent texts for this practice. A critique of descriptivism recall that descriptivism about proper names is the view that there is a descriptive component to the meaning of proper names, which determines denotationreference.
This leads kripke to conclude that the sixth statement of the fregerussellinspired theories of naming must be false because it. In these lectures, i will argue, intuitively, that proper names are. Naming and necessity has had a great and increasing influence. The unfinished semantic agenda of naming and necessity.
Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books youve read. Im experimenting with video blogging for one of the philosophy courses i. And i really liked it, at least the first two lectures as well as parts of the addenda and the intro. If not, anyway, such connections will be developed in the course of these talks. One of the properties, or some conjointly, are believed by a to pick out some individual uniquely. Im experimenting with video blogging for one of the philosophy courses i teach. In naming and necessity saul kripke criticized descriptivist theories of proper names and suggested a better picture as a replacement. However, since kripke set that topic aside in naming and necessity, and perhaps because there has not yet been enough time for critical responses, noonan sets the topic aside as well. Naming and necessity 3 the preface first, but that they return to it for clarification if necessary after they have read the main text. There we saw that we could give the following test for the rigidity of a term. Pdf arguments against descriptivism in naming and necessity.
Necessity reveals the informal style of these lectures. But the fact remains that the naming systems used in indexing are not always the same as those used in practice, and we are left with the necessity of having to know both. The modal argument 4849, 7177 in lecture i, kripke introduced the notion of rigid designation. Feb 11, 2009 video blog discussion post for andrew cullisons philosophy class language and modality. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Don perlis hua he university of maryland, college park.729 449 1176 1138 500 901 265 233 187 248 42 675 1590 691 874 1048 1105 10 953 1077 1385 562 75 1174 115 498 1499